Sidewalk / multi-use path on the south side of Fullerton prior to the bridge rehab. Photo by Michelle Stenzel.
After the rehab: bike and ped access on the south side has been eliminated to make room for a dedicated right-turn lane for cars entering southbound Lake Shore Drive.
[This piece also appeared in Checkerboard City, John's weekly transportation column in Newcity magazine, which hits the streets on Wednesday evenings.]
I recently attended events related to two different Chicago Department of Transportation (CDOT) bridge projects. One of these spans will be a terrific addition to the city’s sustainable transportation infrastructure. The other one, not so much.
First the good news. CDOT’s Addison Underbridge Connector project will link up existing snippets of bike path along the Chicago River to create a nearly two-mile, car-free route from Belmont Street to Montrose Avenue. This new path segment will be elevated some sixteen feet above the river on piers.
View Addison Underbridge project in a larger map
The future car-free route from Belmont to Montrose.
Starting from the north end of an existing trail in Clark Park, just west of Lane Tech High School, the elevated path will continue north under the Addison Street Bridge, hug the east riverbank and then cross to the west bank to meet up with an existing trail in California Park. Eventually the path will continue under the Irving Park Road Bridge to Horner Park, where trails lead north to Montrose.
Janet Attarian, head of CDOT’s Streetscape and Sustainable Design section, outlined the plan to an enthusiastic crowd last week at Revere Park, 2509 West Irving Park. Construction could begin on the roughly $9.5 million project as early as 2014 if federal funding becomes available, she says. The Irving Park underbridge will be built as part of a separate CDOT project to reconstruct that roadway, which could also begin in 2014.
CDOT rendering of the elevated bike path.
Attendees were excited about the plan. “This will help my sixteen-year-old sister have a seamless ride from Montrose to school at Lane Tech,” says cyclist Jacob Peters. “Right now she has to go on side streets or on California Avenue. This is a fantastic project.”
I wish I could say the same about the new bridge CDOT opened last Friday on Fullerton Parkway over the Lincoln Park Lagoon at Lake Shore Drive. Rather than creating a new travel option for pedestrians and cyclists, this project took away an existing one. Here CDOT took an existing four-lane street with two sidewalks and removed the sidewalk south of Fullerton to make room for a dedicated right-turn lane for cars entering southbound LSD.
This kind of thing was commonplace under the Daley administration, when the city eliminated several crosswalks on Michigan Avenue and at Buckingham Fountain to facilitate driving. The Fullerton rehab was designed before CDOT’s progressive new commissioner Gabe Klein took over last year, the man who reinstalled the Buckingham crosswalk and removed a car lane in the heart of the Loop to create the Dearborn two-way protected bike lanes. So let’s chalk up the backward-thinking Fullerton rehab as a relic from the old regime.
Where the Sidewalk Ends: a ramp leads from the terminus of the sidewalk on the south side of Fullerton under the bridge to the north side of the street.
The new configuration essentially makes it impossible to safely walk or bike to the lakefront on the south side of Fullerton. The justification for doing this is that it removes a conflict point between the right-turning cars and eastbound bikes and pedestrians, but it does this by simply eliminating the non-motorized traffic.
Now that they can no longer continue east of Cannon Drive on the south side of Fullerton, pedestrians and cyclists are expected to cross to the north side of Fullerton west of Cannon. The other option is to take an extremely indirect route via ramps under the new bridge, then back up to the north sidewalk via a staircase or another set of ramps. In reality, few people are going to use this convoluted route.
The new sidewalk on the north side of the Fullerton bridge is twenty feet wide, which sounds like an improvement over the old thirteen-and-a-half-foot sidewalk. But the combined width of the two old sidewalks was twenty-seven feet. Since both eastbound and westbound non-motorized traffic is now funneled onto the same sidewalk, come springtime it may actually feel more more crowded than before.
The new, twenty-foot-wide sidewalk on the north side of Fullerton.
At the ribbon cutting Friday several speakers described the $12 million project, bankrolled by Federal Highway Administration and Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) funds, as a win for pedestrians and cyclists. “This is more than just a bridge that will get thousands of commuters more easily to downtown every day,” says 43rd Ward Alderman Michele Smith, known as a supporter of bike and ped safety projects. “It’s also a pedestrian experience, a bicycling experience, all in a more safe environment because of the way that traffic will now be moved all to this one side of the bridge.”
During the Q & A session I asked CDOT chief engineer Dan Burke how he thought the redesign would benefit pedestrians and cyclists, despite taking away access. “We think it will be a lot safer for all users,” he says. “We’ve separated vehicles from pedestrians and bicyclists. As you can see it’s the confluence of a very busy area.”
Alderman Michele Smith and Congressman Mike Quigley at the ribbon cutting.
Afterward, Burke explained to me that he felt there was a traffic crisis before the reconfiguration was done. “You would have excessive traffic backups through the morning rush hour from the onramp all the way onto Cannon Drive. We think this separation’s the best in terms of safety and accommodating all users.”
But crash statistics suggest there actually was no major ped/bike safety problem here before the rehab. For a post on this subject earlier this year Steven looked up the IDOT crash stats for the location and found there were only three bike or ped collisions with cars at this location between 2006-2010. On the other hand, there were ten, thirteen and fourteen crashes at the Drive’s intersections with Foster, Montrose and Wilson avenues, respectively, during this same period.
Quigley, Smith and Burke, far right, move a barrier to reopen the last lane of Fullerton.
“We’re forcing people on foot and on bikes to go an extra distance, to take extra time… and to take a non-direct path involving changes of elevation, just to get to the Lakefront Trail,” argued Bike Walk Lincoln Park blogger Michelle Stenzel in a post earlier this fall. “We’re making it harder for them and we’re discouraging their choices of transportation, in order to make the intersection more convenient for people who choose to drive, and thereby rewarding their choice.”
On the bright side, CDOT will be rebuilding all of North Lake Shore Drive in the future. If the Fullerton redesign is ultimately judged a failure, which I’m confident it will be, there will be an opportunity to fix the problem, perhaps by converting the new right-turn lane into a bike lane that will provide cyclists with a safe, direct route to the lake.
And hopefully the Fullerton rehab will be the last example of CDOT constructing a major infrastructure project with auto-centric priorities. It’s unlikely Fullerton would look like this if it had been designed under Klein.
Grid Chicago is a blog about sustainable transportation matters, projects and culture in Chicago and Illinois, by John Greenfield and Steven Vance since June 2011.
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